HNC理论全书 第三册

《论语言概念空间的基础语境基元》

黄曾阳

科学出版社

2017年3


内 容 简 介


    本书是《HNC理论全书》的第三册。HNC理论以自然语言理解为其核心探索目标,试图为语言理解的探索开启一条新的途径,以语言概念空间的符号化、形式化为手段, 实现人类语言脑的纯物理模拟。

    本书论述基础语境基元,分为三编,即第一卷的第四编至第六编。第四编论思维与劳动;第五编论第二类精神生活;第六编论第三类精神生活。每编均分为上、下两篇。作为《HNC 理论全书》实际的殿后之作,有总跋进行另一视角的总结。

    本书适合对自然语言理解、认知科学、哲学、语言学等感兴趣的所有读者,特别适合语言信息处理方面的研究者及学生参阅。

 


作者的话 
引文出处缩略语对照表 


第四编 思维与劳动····································· 1

上篇 思维····································· 3 
第零章 思维基本内涵 80 ····································· 5 
第 0 节 思维基本特性 800 (082)·································· 7 
第 1 节 模糊性思考 801 (083)····································· 9 
第 2 节 清晰性思考 802 (084)····································· 12
第 3 节 针对性思考 803 (085)····································· 15 
第 4 节 创造性思考 804 (086)····································· 17 
第 5 节 记忆 805 (087)··············································· 19 
第一章 认识与理解 81····································· 21 
第 0 节 认识与理解之基本内涵 810 (088)····················· 23 
第 1 节 综合与分析 811 (089)····································· 25 
第 2 节 演绎与归纳 812 (090)····································· 27 
第 3 节 判断 813 (091)··············································· 28 
第二章 探索与发现 82····································· 31 
第 0 节 探发基本内涵 820 (092)·································· 33 
第 1 节 探索 821 (093)··············································· 34 
第 2 节 发现 822 (094)··············································· 36 
第三章 策划与设计 83····································· 39 
第 0 节 策划与设计的基本内涵 830 (095)····················· 41 
第 1 节 谋划 831 (096)··············································· 43 
第 2 节 规划与设计 832 (097)····································· 45 
第四章 评估与决策 84····································· 47 
第 0 节 评估与决策的基本内涵 840 (098)····················· 49 
第 1 节 评估与裁定 841 (099)····································· 50 
第 2 节 决策 842 (100)··············································· 52 
第 3 节 共识 843 (101)··············································· 54 
下篇 第一类劳动····································· 57 
第零章 劳作 q60····································· 59 
第 0 节 量测 q600 (195)·············································· 61 
第 1 节 手劳作 q601 (196)··········································· 63 
第 2 节 躯体劳作 q602 (197)········································ 64 
第一章 基础劳作 q61····································· 67 
第 0 节 土地劳作 q610 (198)····································· 69 
第 1 节 植物劳作 q611 (199)····································· 71 
第 2 节 动物劳作 q612 (200)····································· 73 
第二章 家务劳作 q62····································· 77 
第 0 节 家务劳作的基本内涵 q620 (201)··························· 79 
第 1 节 日常家务劳作 q621 (202)····································· 80 
第 2 节 面向幼儿的劳作 q622 (203)·································· 83 
第 3 节 面向老病残尊的劳作 q623 (204)···························· 85 
第三章 专业劳作 q63····································· 89 
第 0 节 专业劳作的基本内涵 q630 (205)····························· 91 
第 1 节 综合性专业劳作 q631 (206)··································· 92 
第 2 节 制作 q632 (207)··················································· 94 
第 3 节 基础设施建造 q633 (208)······································· 96 
第 4 节 冶与炼 q634 (209)················································ 100 
第四章 服务劳作 q64····································· 105 
第 0 节 服务劳作的基本内涵 q640 (210)····················· 107 
第 1 节 饮食服务 q641 (211)····································· 109 
第 2 节 形象服务 q642 (212)····································· 111 
第 3 节 住宿服务 q643 (213)····································· 113 
第 4 节 行旅服务 q644 (214)····································· 114 
第 5 节 娱乐服务 q645 (215)····································· 116 
第 6 节 修理服务 q646 (216)····································· 119 
第 7 节 安全服务 q647 (217)····································· 123 
第 8 节 传递服务 q648 (218)····································· 124 
第 9 节 环境服务 q649 (219)····································· 127 

第五编 第二类精神生活····································· 131 

上篇 表层第二类精神生活····································· 133 
第零章 表层第二类精神生活基本内涵 q70························· 135 
第 1 节 谈 q701 (220)··················································· 137 
第 2 节 感受 q702 (221)················································ 140 
第 3 节 玩 q703 (222)··················································· 143 
第 4 节 行 q704 (223)··················································· 144 
第 5 节 “食”q705 (224)··············································· 146 
第一章 交往 q71····································· 151 
第 0 节 交往基本内涵 q710 (225)························ 153 
第 1 节 邀约 q711 (226)····································· 159 
第 2 节 访问 q712 (227)····································· 160 
第 3 节 别离 q713 (228)····································· 162 
第 4 节 赠受 q714 (229)····································· 163 
第 5 节 交际语言 q715 (230)······························· 164 
第 6 节 交际动作 q716 (231)······························· 166 
第二章 娱乐 q72····································· 169 
第 1 节 观赏 q721 (232)····································· 171 
第 2 节 文化参与 q722 (233)······························· 172 
第 3 节 艺术参与 q723 (234)······························· 174 
第 4 节 技艺参与 q724 (235)······························· 175 
第 5 节 健身 q725 (236)····································· 177 
第 6 节 休闲 q726 (237)····································· 179 
第 7 节 儿童娱乐 q727 (238)······························· 180 
第三章 比赛 q73····································· 185 
第 0 节 比赛基本内涵 q730 (239)························· 187 
第 1 节 比赛类型 q731 (240)······························· 189 
第 2 节 比赛规则 q732 (241)······························· 191 
第 3 节 裁判 q733 (242)······································ 193 
第 4 节 赛事组织 q734 (243)································ 195 
第 5 节 比赛效应 q735 (244)································ 197 
第四章 行旅 q74····································· 199 
第 0 节 行旅方式 q740 (245)······························· 201 
第 1 节 旅游 q741 (246)····································· 203 
第 2 节 别居 q742 (247)····································· 206 
第 3 节 探险 q743 (248)····································· 208 
第 4 节 探访 q744 (249)····································· 214 
第 5 节 “出差”q745 (250)································ 218 
第 6 节 迁徙 q746 (251)····································· 221 
下篇 深层第二类精神生活····································· 225 
第零章 联想 q80····································· 227 
第 0 节 联想基本内涵 q800 (252)························ 229 
第 1 节 记忆 q801 (253)····································· 234 
第 2 节 回忆 q802 (254)····································· 237 
第 3 节 思念 q803 (255)····································· 239 
第 4 节 纪念 q804 (256)····································· 240 
第一章 想象 q81····································· 243 
第 0 节 想象的基本内涵 q810 (257)····················· 245 
第 1 节 理性想象 q811 (258)······························ 247 
第 2 节 幻想 q812 (259)····································· 248 
第 3 节 迷信 q813 (260)····································· 250 
第二章 信念 q82····································· 253 
第 0 节 信念基本内涵 q820 (261)························ 255 
第 1 节 宗教 q821 (262)····································· 256 
第 2 节 灵魂 q822 (263)····································· 258 
第 3 节 戒律 q823 (264)····································· 260 
第 4 节 轮回 q824 (265)····································· 262 
第三章 红喜事 q83····································· 265 
第 0 节 红喜事基本内涵 q830 (266)····················· 267 
第 1 节 生庆 q831 (267)····································· 268 
第 2 节 婚庆 q832 (268)····································· 270 
第 3 节 事业庆 q833 (269)·································· 271 
第四章 白喜事 q84····································· 275 
第 0 节 白喜事基本内涵 q840 (270)······················ 277 
第 1 节 葬 q841 (271)·········································· 278 
第 2 节 祭 q842 (272)·········································· 280 
第 3 节 悼念 q843 (273)······································· 281 
第五章 法术 q85····································· 285 
第 0 节 法术基本内涵 q850 (274)·································· 287 
第 1 节 作用型法术 q851 (275)····································· 288 
第 2 节 效应型法术 q852 (276)····································· 290 
第 3 节 智能型法术 q853 (277)····································· 293 

第六编 第三类精神生活····································· 297 

上篇 表层第三类精神生活····································· 299 
第零章 表层第三类精神生活基本内涵 b0(追求)··············· 301 
第 0 节 追求基本内涵 b00 (163)····································· 303 
第 1 节 争取 b01 (164)·················································· 305 
第 2 节 奋斗 b02 (165)·················································· 309 
第 3 节 抗争 b03 (166)·················································· 311 
第一章 改革 b1····································· 315 
第 0 节 改革之基本内涵 b10 (167)··························· 317 
第 1 节 全局改革 b11 (168)····································· 320 
第 2 节 局部改革 b12 (169)····································· 323 
第 3 节 继承中改革 b13 (170)·································· 325 
第二章 继承 b2····································· 329 
第 0 节 继承之基本内涵 b20 (171)···························· 331 
第 1 节 全局继承 b21 (172)····································· 333 
第 2 节 局部继承 b22 (173)····································· 335 
第 3 节 改革中继承 b23 (174)·································· 335 
第三章 竞争 b3····································· 341 
第 0 节 竞争之基本内涵 b30 (175)····························· 343 
第 1 节 攻与守 b31 (176)··········································· 345 
第 2 节 挑战与应战 b32 (177)····································· 349 
第 3 节 竞争与协同 b33 (178)····································· 351 
第四章 协同 b4····································· 355 
第 0 节 协同基本内涵 b40 (179)································· 357 
第 1 节 战略与战术协同 b41 (180)······························ 359 
第 2 节 积极与消极协同 b42 (181)······························ 361 
第 3 节 协同与竞争 b43 (182)····································· 363 
下篇 深层第三类精神生活····································· 367 
第一章 理念 d1····································· 371 
第 0 节 理念基本内涵 d10 (183)······························· 373 
第 1 节 政治理念 d11 (184)····································· 376 
第 2 节 经济理念 d12 (185)····································· 380 
第 3 节 文化理念 d13 (186)····································· 384 
第二章 理性 d2····································· 393 
第 0 节 理性基本内涵 d20 (187)······························ 395  
第 1 节 经验理性 d21 (188)····································· 398  
第 2 节 先验理性 d22 (189)····································· 401  
第 3 节 浪漫理性 d23 (190)····································· 402  
第 4 节 实用理性 d24 (191)····································· 405 
第三章 观念 d3····································· 409  
第 0 节 观念基本内涵 d30 (192)······························· 411  
第 1 节 立场 d31 (193)··········································· 414  
第 2 节 价值观 d32 (194)········································· 417 
总跋····································· 423 
术语索引····································· 451 
人名索引····································· 457 
《HNC 理论全书》总目····································· 461 


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HNC理论聚焦于语言脑奥秘的探索,对语言概念空间进行形式化、数字化描述,探索实现基于现有计算机结构对语言脑的功能模拟,开发语言超人。


>>作者简介

黄曾阳(1935~)

湖北蕲春人。北京大学物理系毕业,中国科学院声学研究所研究员、博导。20世纪90年代创立了HNC理论(概念层次网络理论)。该理论以语言脑的自然语言理解之谜为其直接探索目标,同时试图为言语脑的计算机模拟(即图灵脑)的实现探索一条新路。1998年出版了《HNC(概念层次网络)理论》,2004年出版了《语言概念空间的基本定理和数学物理表示式》。2005年起,开始撰写《HNC理论全书》,预定10年完成。

曾主持的项目有:“九五”国家重点科技攻关项目“计算机中文信息处理技术及产品开发”中的“汉语理解系统的核心技术”专题;“973”项目“图像、语音、自然语言理解及知识发掘”的“基于概念层次网络理论(HNC)的自然语言理解与处理”;“863”项目“中文信息处理应用技术研究”的“专业和追求活动语境概念林的根概念研究”。